We accept the science of climate change and that a transition to a low carbon global economy is underway. As investors we understand this will impact different assets in different ways, both in relation to their contribution to climate change in the form of greenhouse gas emissions, but also their exposure to changes occurring in the physical environment.
In addition to managing risk we recognise that companies may become well positioned to provide the solutions needed to reduce emissions and adapt to a changing climate. These companies may offer compelling long term risk adjusted investment returns aided by changes in policy, technology and consumer demand. In this report over the last several years we have provided case studies of both kinds.
Rather than always being of direct relevance, climate change often acts as a multiplier of other risks and opportunities that investors have traditionally managed. For example technology has disrupted many industries in the past, however the pace, extent and complexity of transitioning to low-carbon energy sources casts advances in renewable energy technologies differently to other technological disruptions.
We also accept that as allocators of capital, stewards of our clients assets and active shareholders in companies on their behalf, the individual and collective decisions we make as investors will influence the nature and speed of the transition. We recognise our responsibility to be a positive influence in this regard.
The gap between the capital investment required to meet climate change objectives and that currently being deployed is significant. Investors require support from policy makers to shift capital at the speed and scale required. However, as stewards of our clients’ savings we cannot simply wait for this to occur because the long-term interests of our clients are tied to a stable climate. We must do our part by skilling-up and working closely with a wide variety of stakeholders to deploy capital towards multiple financial, social and environmental objectives.
This work is not without potential reward with a rapidly growing number of high quality investment opportunities being developed to fill the investment and financing gap. Investors who best understand the issues will be best positioned to deploy the capital required.
This shared responsibility requires transparency from all stakeholders. In this light we have been following the growing trend towards improved climate change disclosure. We have prepared this dedicated climate change disclosure to align as much as possible with the Task Force for Climate-Related Financial disclosures (TCFD) and The Global Investor Coalition on Climate Change – Guide to Investor Disclosure.
"We understand Climate Change will impact different assets in different ways, both in relation to their contribution to climate change in the form of greenhouse gas emissions, but also their exposure to changes occurring in the physical environment."
"Technology has disrupted many industries in the past, however the pace, extent and complexity of transitioning to low-carbon energy sources casts advances in renewable energy technologies differently to other technological disruptions."
Climate change considerations have been incorporated into the organisational and investment governance structures. The following describes where and in what way climate change is explicitly integrated into these governance processes. However it should be noted that climate change is implicitly covered in other forums. For example the Operating Group and Responsible Investment Steering Group approve the responsible investment strategy which includes climate change elements.
Global Investment Committee
The Global Investment Committee is responsible for monitoring the risk and performance of all investment capabilities across FSI and meets quarterly. The committee is chaired by the CEO and includes the Chief Investment officers of each asset class except unlisted infrastructure.
Climate change, and in particular the carbon footprinting of portfolios, was raised at the Global Investment Committee in March 2016. In December 2016 we appointed MCSI to provide carbon and related data which we will incorporate into investment committee reporting during 2017.
The committee also requested ongoing ESG reporting on investment teams and funds which has been provided since July 2016 (see our progress section of the report). These reports include climate change as an ESG issue.
ESG Committee - Climate Change Working Group
In late 2015 a climate change working group was established as a subgroup of the ESG committee. The group includes members from a cross section of our investment teams.
The group is charged with developing guidance for all investment teams on the integration and management of climate change risks and opportunities.
ESG Committee – Stranded Assets Working Group (Completed)
In late 2013 we established a stranded assets working group which like the climate change working group comprised a cross section of investment teams to develop guidance. The group developed guidance which we described in our 2015 responsible investment and stewardship report.
Responsible Investment (RI) Specialists
The RI team helps support investment teams in a number of ways as it relates to climate change. In addition to supporting the various committees and working groups described above, the team also distributes research, provides advice and engages with clients and the industry on climate change related issues and feed these back into the organisation through the various governance forums and teams.
The team also leads our work with industry groups and other stakeholders on climate change related activities. We are active members of the Investor Group on Climate Change (IGCC) among others. The IGCC conduct national and international policy advocacy, investor engagement and education, and outreach to other important stakeholders.
"In December 2016 we appointed MCSI to provide carbon and related data which we will incorporate into investment committee reporting during 2017."
Climate Change working group members
Alan Ng – Credit ResearchRowan Element – Unlisted InfrastructureAndrew Harmen – Multi AssetHazrina Dewi – Indonesian EquitesMegan Ford - RealindexPablo Berrutti – Responsible InvestmentSerena Blanch – Responsible Invetsment
Strategy across the FSI
Climate change is incorporated into our broader responsible investment strategy which is described in the Our Approach section of this report. The governance structures and strategy we have in place have been designed so that they are flexible enough to cater to the needs of our diverse organisation while remaining clear and practical.
Given the diversity of our investment capabilities and consequently the range of risks and opportunities posed by climate change, we believe this integrated approach is more effective than a stand-alone strategy.
The existing framework ensures that complex issues which have implications for multiple investment teams are captured and managed through the Responsible Investment Steering Group, Global Investment Committee and ESG Committee. This in turn has resulted in the stranded assets and climate change working groups being formed.
The key elements of our Responsible Investment Strategy which are directly related to climate change are:
Investment team strategies
The way in which climate change among other ESG factors is incorporated in our investment decision-making and ownership practices is described in general in the Our Approach section of this report, and specifically in each team’s profile.
As a diverse group of primarily bottom-up, active investment management teams we believe that the investment experts within each team are best placed to factor in and manage the specific ways in which climate change will manifest itself for their investments.
Each team has provided a climate change statement in their team profile so that the way they consider climate change and related issues for their specific investment strategies is clear to clients and other stakeholders.
While we recognise the unique expertise each team has, the broader organisation still has a responsibility to ensure that views are tested and there is accountability through the governance mechanisms described above. For this reason we are improving our data and reporting, both internally and for clients.
"The existing framework ensures that complex issues which have implications for multiple investment teams are captured and managed through the Responsible Investment Steering Group, Global Investment Committee and ESG Committee."
"As a diverse group of primarily bottom-up, active investment management teams we believe that the investment experts within each team are best placed to factor in and manage the specific ways in which climate change will manifest itself for their investments."
Climate change has been considered and incorporated as an investment risk, including in relation to product strategy as described above.
Climate change as an operational risk has mostly been considered by our parent company the Commonwealth Bank of Australia who have extensive business continuity processes and have achieved significant emissions reductions across its operations. The Commonwealth Bank provides detailed information in its carbon disclosure project response which is publically available.
The climate change group is considering risks and opportunities across five areas:
Once complete the group will issue investment guidance which once approved by the remainder of the ESG committee will be issued across the organisation. Summaries of this guidance will be made available publicly and to clients.
In addition we will test our organisation against these risks and opportunities to ensure they are being managed either directly or by our parent company.
Currently our climate change targets relate to improvements in climate related data sources, internal and external reporting, and increasing our dialogue with clients..
As an asset manager who predominantly works for institutional clients like pension funds, we believe that creating strategies with more explicit inclusion of climate change (or other ESG) considerations including setting targets for emissions reductions is best achieved with individual clients.
An important part of furthering the conversation with clients in this regard is good quality information. To this end in addition to the climate change statements made by each team we are also providing fossil fuel related exposures and carbon footprinting analysis (where available).
When viewed together with the rest of each investment team’s profile we believe this provides a good overview of the risks and opportunities, and approach being taken to manage them by the respective teams.
"An important part of furthering the conversation with clients in this regard is good quality information. To this end in addition to the climate change statements made by each team we are also providing fossil fuel related exposures and carbon footprinting analysis (where available)."